Psychedelic Graphics of the 1960s – part 1

Following on from the posts on Alphonse Mucha, it seems like an appropriate time to look at these designs that often employed the Art Nouveau style, and borrowed from Mucha in particular.
 
Leading artists of the 1960s Psychedelic Art movement were San Francisco poster artists such as Wes Wilson, Mouse & Kelly (Stanley Mouse and Alton Kelly), Victor Moscoso, Rick Griffin. Their Psychedelic Rock concert posters were often inspired by the Art Nouveau style (of artists like Alphonse Mucha – indeed his artworks were often reworked in posters), as well as the contemporary Pop Art movement. The "Fillmore Posters" were among the most notable of the time. Richly saturated colours, elaborate ornate lettering, collage elements and distortion were all hallmarks of the  San Francisco psychedelic poster art style that flourished from about 1966 - 1972. Their work also translated into album cover art and all of the aforementioned artists also created album covers.


Fillmore Auditorium, San Francisco. Photo: Wikimedia Free Media Repository
The Fillmore Auditorium is an historic music venue in San Francisco California made famous by promoter Bill Graham. Named for its original location at the intersection of Fillmore Street and Geary Boulevard.
 
In 1968, Graham moved his concerts to a different venue in San Francisco, formerly known as The Carousel Ballroom and El Patio at Market Street and South Van Ness Avenue, that he renamed Fillmore West.

The original Fillmore Auditorium continued under the name The Elite Club. Graham began presenting concerts at the original Fillmore Auditorium again in the 1980s, but it was closed due to earthquake damage in October 1989. After much structural work, in 1994 the original Geary Boulevard location reopened as The Fillmore.

In the mid-1960s the Fillmore Auditorium became the focal point for psychedelic music and counter-culture in general. The cultural impact of the Fillmore was very large. It is referenced by Hunter S. Thompson in Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas in a description of the counterculture of the 1960s in the San Francisco Bay area.


Avalon Ballroom, San Francisco. Photo: Wikimedia Free Media Repository
The Avalon Ballroom is a music venue, in the Polk Gulch neighbourhood of San Francisco, California. The space operated from 1966 to 1968 and reopened in 2003. Bands were frequently booked to perform at the Avalon on Thursday, Friday and Saturday.
 
In the 1960s, at the Avalon, two bands typically performed two sets during the evening beginning at about nine o'clock. Many local bands, such as Quicksilver Messenger Service and The Steve Miller Band served as back-up bands, as did the early Moby Grape and headliners such as the The Doors, 13th Floor Elevators, The Butterfield Blues Band and Big Brother and the Holding Company, which Helms organized around singer and performer Janis Joplin in spring 1966. The Avalon lost its lease in November 1968.


Grande Ballroom, Detroit © www.buildingsofdetroit.com
The Grande Ballroom is a historic live music venue located at 8952 Grand River Avenue in Detroit, Michigan. The building was designed by Detroit engineer and architect Charles N. Agree in 1928 and originally served as a multi-purpose building, hosting retail business on the first floor and a large dance hall upstairs. During this period the Grande was renowned for its outstanding hardwood dance floor which took up most of the second floor.
In 1966 the Grande was acquired by high school teacher and local radio DJ Russ Gibb. Gibb was inspired by visiting San Francisco’s Fillmore, and envisioned a similar venue in Detroit for the new psychedelic music and a resource for local teenagers.  Music acts that played at the Grande in the late 60's and early 70's included Pink Floyd, John Coltrane Cream, Led Zeppelin, The Who, Janis Joplin, The MC5, Sun Ra and The Stooges.


 
Since Gibb closed the Grande as a rock venue in 1972, the building has rarely been used and has fallen into a state of extreme disrepair.


Fillmore East, New York in the 1960s

Fillmore East, New York today. Photo: Wikimedia Free Media Repository
The Fillmore East was rock promoter Bill Graham’s rock venue on Second Avenue near East 6th Street in the East Village neighbourhood in Manhattan, New York City. It was open from March 8, 1968 to June 27, 1971 and featured some of the biggest acts in rock music at the time. The Fillmore East was a companion to Graham's Fillmore Auditorium, and its successor, the Fillmore West, in San Francisco, Graham's home base.
 

The venue provided Graham with an East Coast counterpart to his existing Fillmore in San Francisco. The Fillmore East quickly became known as "The Church of Rock and Roll," with two-show, triple-bill concerts several nights a week. Graham would regularly alternate acts between the East and West Coast venues. Until early 1971, bands were booked to play two shows per night, at 8 pm and 11 pm, on both Friday and Saturday nights.

This is part 1 of a 2-part post on psychedelic graphics of the 1960s:

March 1-2 1966 Artist Gary Grimshaw. Big Brother & the Holding Company at Grande Ballroom, SF © Gary Grimshaw

April 15-17 1966. Paul Butterfield Blues Band, Jefferson Airplane at Fillmore Auditorium, SF © 1966 Bill Graham

April 29-30 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. Grass Roots, Sons of Adam, Big Brother & The Holding Company at Avalon Ballroom, SF © Wes Wilson

April 29-30 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. Jefferson Airplane, Quicksilver Messenger Service, Lightning Hopkins at Fillmore Auditorium, SF © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

May 6-7 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. Jefferson Airplane, The Yay Walkers at Fillmore Auditorium, SF © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

May 13-14 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. The New Generation, The Jaywalkers, Charlatans at Fillmore Auditorium SF © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

May 20-21 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. Quicksilver Messenger Service, Final Solution at Fillmore Auditorium, SF © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

May 20-21 1966 Artists James Gardner & Herb Greene. Jefferson Airplane, Grateful Dead at Fillmore Auditorium, SF © 1966 Bill Graham © James Gardner & Herb Greene

May 27-29 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. Andy Warhol and His Plastic Inevitable, Velvet Underground,  Mothers, Nico at Fillmore Auditorium, SF © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

June 3-4 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. Postcard for Quicksilver Messenger Service, Grateful Dead, The Mothers at Fillmore Auditorium © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

June 17-18 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. Postcard for The Wailers, Quicksilver Messenger Service at Fillmore Auditorium © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

June 23 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. Them, Great Society, New Tweedy Brothers at Fillmore Auditorium, SF © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

June 24-25 1966 Artists Mouse & Kelly. Big Brother & The Holding Company, Quicksilver Messenger Service at Avalon Ballroom, SF © Mouse & Kelly

July 1-3 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. Grass Roots, Daily Flash, Sopwith Camel at Avalon Ballroom, SF © Wes Wilson

July 8-9 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. The Mindbenders, The Chocolate Watchband at Fillmore Auditorium, SF © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

July 22-23 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. Association, Quicksilver Messenger Service, Grass Roots, Sopwith Camel at Fillmore Auditorium, SF © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

July 22-23 1966 Artists Kelly & Mouse. Jefferson Airplane at Avalon Ballroom, SF © Kelly & Mouse

July 29-30 1966. 'Trips Festival' Grateful Dead, Big Brother and the Holding Company, Quicksilver Messenger Service, The Daily Flash, and poet Michael McClure in Vancouver, Canada

August 5-6 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. Love, Everpresent Fullness at Fillmore Auditorium, SF © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

August 5-7 1966 Artists Mouse & Kelly. Bo Diddley at Longshoremans Hall, Avalon Ballroom, SF © Mouse & Kelly

August 10 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs at Fillmore Auditorium, SF © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

August 12-13 1966 Artists Mouse & Kelly. Bo Diddley at Avalon Ballroom, SF © Mouse & Kelly

August 12-13 1966 Artists Wes Wilson & Herb Green. Jefferson Airplane, Grateful Dead at Fillmore Auditorium, SF © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson & Herb Greene

August 19-20 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. Young Rascals, Quicksilver Messenger Service at Fillmore Auditorium, SF © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

August 26 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. The Beatles, The Cyrkle, The Ronettes, The Reamians at Candlestick Park, SF © Wes Wilson

August 26-27 1966 Artists Wes Wilson & Herb Greene. 13th Floor Elevators, Grgeat Society, Sopwith Camel at Fillmore Auditorium, SF © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson & Herb Greene

September 2-3 1966 Artists Mouse & Kelly. 13th Floor Elevators, Sir Douglas Quintet at Avalon Ballroom, SF © Mouse & Kelly

September 2-5 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. Jefferson Airplane, Grateful Dead, Quicksilver Messenger Service, Country Joe & the Fish at Fillmore Auditorium, SF © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

September 9-10 1966 Artist John H. Myers. The Mothers, Oxford Circle at Fillmore Auditorium & Scottish Rites Temple © 1966 Bill Graham © John H. Myers

September 9-10 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. The Byrds, Wildflower, New Stage Company at Fillmore Auditorium, SF © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

September 30 & 1 October 1966 Artists Mouse & Kelly, 13th Floor Elevators, Quicksilver Messenger Service at Avalon Ballroom, SF © Mouse & Kelly

October 7-8 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. Butterfield Blues Band, Jefferson Airplane, Grateful Dead at Winterland, SF © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

October 7-8 1966 Artists Mouse & Kelly. Jim Kweskin Jug Band, Big Brother & The Holding Company at Avalon Ballroom © Mouse & Kelly

October 14-16 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. Postcard for Butterfield Blues Band, Jefferson Airplane, Big Mama Thornton at Fillmore Auditorium © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

October 15-16 1966 Artists Mouse & Kelly. Big Brother & The Holding Company, Sir Douglas Quintet at Avalon Ballroom, SF © Mouse & Kelly

October 21-22 1966 Artist Gary Grimshaw. MC5, Prime Movers Blues Band at Grande Ballroom, SF © Gary Grimshaw

October 21-22 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. Card-Handbill for Grateful Dead, Lightning Hopkins, Loading Zone at Fillmore Auditorium © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

October 28-30 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. Card-Handbill for Captain Beefheart & his Magic Band, Chocolate Watch Band, The Great Pumpkin at Fillmore Auditorium © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

November 3-4 1966 Artists Mouse & Kelly. Grateful Dead, Oxford Circle at Avalon Ballroom, SF © Mouse & Kelly

November 4-6 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. Muddy Waters Blues Band, Quicksilver Messenger Service, Andrew Staples at Fillmore Auditorium, SF © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

November 12 1966 Artists Mouse & Kelly. Grateful Dead Anniversary at The Old Cheese Factory, SF © Mouse & Kelly

November 18-20 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. Grateful Dead, James Cotton Blues Band, Lothar & the Hand People at Fillmore Auditorium, SF © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

November 25-27 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. Jefferson Airplane, James Cotton Chicago Blues Band, Moby Grape at Fillmore Auditorium, SF © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

December 9-11 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. Grateful Dead, Big Mama Mae Thornton, Tim Rose, Hey Joe at Fillmore Auditorium, SF © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

December 20-22 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. Otis Redding & his Orchestra, Grateful Dead, Johnny Talcot and de Thangs, Country Joe and the Fish at Fillmore Auditorium, SF © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

December 20-23 1966 Steve Miller Blues Band, Congress of Wonders at Matrix, SF

December 23-24 1966 Artist Victor Moscoso. The Grateful Dead. Steve miller Blues Band, Moby Grape at Avalon Ballroom, SF © Victor Moscoso

December 30-31 1966 Artist Wes Wilson. Postcard for 'New Year Bash' Jefferson Airplane, Grateful Dead, Qucksilver Messenger Service at Fillmore Auditorium © 1966 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

January 6-8 1967 Artist Wes Wilson. The Young Rascals, Sopwith Camel, The Doors at Fillmore Auditorium, SF © 1967 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

February 3-5 1967 Artist Wes Wilson. Jefferson Airplane, Quicksilver Messenger Servive, Dino Valenti at Fillmore Auditorium, SF © 1967 Bill Graham © Wes Wilson

February 10 1967. 13th Floor Elevators, Conqueroo at City Coliseum, Austin, Texas

February 17-18 1967 Artists Kelly & Mouse. Big Brother & the Holding Company at Avalon Ballroom, SF © Mouse & Kelly

Comments