Claude Monet - part 20 1891 - 1893 (1894)


Claude Monet (1840 – 1926) was a founder of French impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein-air landscape painting.

For full biographical notes on Claude Monet see Part 1 - Introduction. For earlier works see parts 2 - 19 also. Note: Dates, sizes, and locations of works are as best as I found them. Apologies for any inaccuracies.


1891 The Four Trees oil on canvas 81.9 x 81.6 cm The Metropolitan Museum of Art

1891 Three Poplar Trees in the Autumn oil on canvas Philadelphia Museum of Art PA

1891 Three Poplar Trees, Autumn Effect oil on canvas Private Collection

1891 Three Trees in Autumn oil on canvas 92 x 72 cm Private Collection

1891 Three Trees in Grey Weather oil on canvas Private Collection

1891 Three Trees in Spring oil on canvas Private Collection

1891 Three Trees, Summer oil on canvas 92 x 73 cm National Museum of Western Art, Toyko

1892 Poplars on the River Epte seen from the Marsh oil on canvas 88 x 93 cmPrivate Collection

1892 Poplars, View from the Marsh oil on canvas


1891 The Côte Sauvage black crayon on paper 23.4 x 31.5 cm National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo

1892 The Cour d'Albane oil on canvas Smith College Museum of Art, Northampton MA

1892 The Cour d'Albane, Grey Weather oil on canvas Private Collection

1892 View of Rouen from the Cote Sainte-Catherine oil on canvas Private Collection

1892-93 Snow Effect, Giverny oil on canvas


Rouen Cathedral 1892 -94

The Rouen Cathedral paintings, more than thirty in all, were made in 1892 and 1893, then reworked in Monet’s studio in 1894. Monet rented spaces across the street from the cathedral, where he set up temporary studios for the purpose. In 1895, he selected what he considered to be the twenty best paintings from the series for display at his Paris dealer’s gallery, and of these he sold eight before the exhibition was over. Pissarro and Cézanne visited the exhibition and praised the series highly.

Historically, the series was well-timed. In the early 1890s, France was seeing a revival of interest in Catholicism and the subject was well received. Apart from its religious significance, Rouen Cathedral–built in the Gothic style–represented all that was best in French history and culture, being a style of architecture that was admired and adopted by many European countries during the Middle Ages.

When Monet painted the Rouen Cathedral series, he had long since been impressed with the way light imparts to a subject a distinctly different character at different times of the day and the year, and as atmospheric conditions change. For Monet, the effects of light on a subject became as important as the subject itself. His Series Paintings, in which he painted many views of the same subject under different lighting conditions, are an attempt to illustrate the importance of light in our perception of a subject at a given time and place.

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral West Facade, Sunlight oil on canvas 100 x 65 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, Morning Sun, Blue Harmony oil on canvas 91 x 63 cm Musee d'Orsay, Paris

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, Study of the Portal oil on canvas Private Collection

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral West Facade, Dull Weather oil on canvas 100 x 65 cm Musée d'Orsay, Paris

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, Facade oil on canvas 100.4 x 65.4 cm Pola Museum of Art, Sengokuhara, Japan

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral. Facade (Sunset) oil on canvas Musée Marmottan-Monet, Paris

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral in the Fog oil on canvas Private Collection

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral West Facade, Morning Effect oil on canvas 106.5 x 73.2 cm Musée d'Orsay, Paris

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, Sunlight Effect oil on canvas Museum of Fine Arts, Boston MA

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, Symphony in Grey and Rose oil on canvas 73 x 107 cm Musée d'Orsay, Paris

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, The Portal and Tower of Saint-Roman, Morning Effect oil on canvas 106 x 73 cm Musée d'Orsay, Paris

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, The Portal at Midday oil on canvas

1892-4 Rouen Cathedral West Facade, Full Sunlight, Harmony in Blue and Gold oil on canvas 107 x 73 cm Musée d'Orsay, Paris

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral at Noon oil on canvas

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral at Sunset oil on canvas

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral Façade and Tour d'Albane, Morning Effect oil on canvas 106.1 x 73.9 cm Museum of Fine Arts, Boston MA

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral oil on canvas 

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral oil on canvas

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, Clear Day oil on canvas

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, Evening, Harmony in Brown oil on canvas

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, Façade oil on canvas 100.6 x 66 cm Museum of Fine Arts, Boston MA

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, Grey Weather oil on canvas

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, Magic in Blue oil on canvas

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, Symphony in Grey and Rose oil on canvas

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, The Portal and the Tour d'Albene, Grey Weather oil on canvas

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, the Portal in the Sun oil on canvas Private Collection

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, the Portal oil on canvas

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, West Facade oil on canvas National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, West Facade, Sunlight oil on canvas National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral, The Portal (Sunlight) oil on canvas 99.7 x 65.7 cm The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York NY

1892-94 Rouen Cathedral. The Portal (Morning Effect) oil on canvas 107 x 74 cm Beyeler Foundation, Riehen, Switzerland

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1893 Break-Up of the Ice on the Seine, near Bennecourt oil on canvas 65 x 100 cm National Museums Liverpool UK

1893 Floating Ice at Bennecourt oil on canvas 65 x 100 cm Private Collection

1893 Floating Ice at Bennecourt oil on canvas Private Collection

1893 Floating Ice at Bennecourt oil on canvas Private Collection

1893 Ice Floes oil on canvas 66 x 100.3 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York NY


1893 The Seine at Bennecourt, Winter oil on canvas Private Collection

1894 Ice Floes, Misty Morning oil on canvas 65.7 x 100.3 cm Philadelphia Museum of Art PA

1893 Ice, Lock Port Villez oil on canvas 73 x 92 cm Private Collection


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