The Welsh Way III - Kingdom of Gwynedd

The Principality or Kingdom of Gwynedd was one of several successor states to Rome which emerged in 5th-century Britain during the Coming of the Saxons. Based in northwest Wales, the rulers of Gwynedd repeatedly rose to preëminence and were acclaimed as "King of the Britons" before losing their power in civil wars or invasions. The unitary kingdom of the usurper Gruffydd ap Llywelyn was shattered by a Saxon invasion in 1063 just prior to the arrival of the Normans, but the traditional dynasty restored by Gruffydd ap Cynan slowly recovered until Llywelyn the Great of Gwynedd was able to proclaim the Principality of Wales at Aberdyfi in 1216. That realm lasted until the invasions of Edward I in 1283.