The butterfly catcher...

Catching Butterflies, French, late 13th century

In this lovely marginal image, two fashionably dressed ladies
set off on an outing. The net held by one of them indicates that they
are chasing butterflies, but the artist does not depict the prize they seek.
He leaves it to us to imagine the rest of their day-the fun of
chasing and catching butterflies is ours

 Walters Art Museum

Eureka! The Butterfly Hunter

A very popular hobby in the Victorian age was nature study.
One of the most important tools for nature study in the 19th century was
 a blank book. It was used for sketching and describing the habits and
appearance of the nature study subject. When Victorians started
cataloging butterflies,  they soon developed methods for
preserving the beautiful specimens for later study...

Please go here and read more about
the Victorians and nature:

An ilustration from 'Dick Sand, A Captain at Fifteen'
by Jules Verne painted by Henri Meyer (1844-99)

Homer Winslow: 'The Butterfly Girl'

Leopold Fertbauer (1802-1875):
'Portrait of Maximilians Freiherr von Hammer-Purgstall', 1834

Edward Koren poster
A tiny man with a butterfly net smiles at a dinosaur-size butterfly

 William Stephen Coleman (1829-1904)
'The Butterfly Catcher'

 This anonymous caricature pokes fun at Sir Joseph Banks
and his penchant for collecting. It was published in 1788 in a pseudonymous
volume by contemporary satirist John Wolcot: 'Sir Joseph Banks
and the Emperor of Morocco. A Tale. By Peter Pindar, Esquire'.

I found the caricature here:
'The Repository', the Royal Society's history of science blog.

Berthe Morisot (1841–1895): 'The Butterfly Hunter'

19th century wood cut by New Yorker Alexander Anderson

 Samuel Hubbard Scudder (1837-1911):
Cartoon of a butterfly catching a human, 1881

Carl Spitzweg (1808-1885): 'The Butterfly Hunter', 1840